Important Polity Question For Competitive Exam

*Important GK questions for all competitive exams must read and share to all your friends*
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*CONSTITUTION OF INDIA*

1) The idea of constitution was originated in
*Ans : U.S.A*

2) A Constitution is known as
*Ans : Law of land*

3)The mother of Constitutions
*Ans : British Constitution*

4)The mother of Parliament
*Ans : British Parliament*

5)The oldest Constitution in the world
*Ans : Britain*

6)The land of modern democracy
*Ans : Britain*

7) The cradle of Democracy
*Ans : Greece*

8)The home of Direct Democracy
*Ans : Switzerland*

9) Apex law of a Nation is
*Ans : Constitution*

10)British Parliament was described as the mother of Parliament by
*Ans : John Bright*

11)The lengthiest written constitution in the World
*Ans : Indian constitution*

12) The shortest and the oldest written constitution in the world
*Ans : American constitution*

13)The Indian constitution is both
*Ans : Rigid and flexible*

14)Constitution can be divided into two

*(a)Written Constitution (India, America)*

*(b)Unwritten Constitution (Britain, Israel)*

15) Father of Indian Constitution
*Ans : Dr. B.R. Ambedkar*

16) Father of American Constitution
*Ans : James Madison*

*AMERICAN CONSTITUTION*

17) The nature of US Constitution
*Ans : Federal*

18) US Constitution came into force in
*Ans : 1789*

19)Number of articles
*Ans : 7*

20) Amendments of US Constitution
*Ans : 27*

21) The fundamental rights of US Constitution Is called
*Ans : Bill of Rights*

22) Indian Constitution mostly owes to
*Ans : Government of India Act 1935*

*CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY*

23) The constitution of India was framed by the
*Ans : Constituent Assembly*

24) Constituent Assembly was set up under the provisions of the
*Ans : Cabinet Mission*

25) Cabinet Mission came to India from
*Ans : Britain*

26) Cabinet Mission came to India on
*Ans : March 24,1946*

27) Aim of Cabinet Mission
*Ans : Helping Indians to frame a constitution by themselves*

28) Members
*Ans : Lord Pethick Lawrance, Stafford Cripps and A.V. Alexander*

29) Cabinet Mission report was published on
*Ans : May 16,1946*

30) The Cabinet Mission was sent to India by
*Ans : Clement Atlee*

31) The Viceroy of India when the Cabinet Mission reached India
*Ans : Lord Wavell*

32) Constituent Assembly was set upon
*Ans : December 6,1946*

33) The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was held on
*Ans : December 9,1946*

34) The first person addressed to the constituent assembly
*Ans : Acharya J.B. Kripalani*

35) The oldest member of the Constituent Assembly
*Ans : Sachidananda Sinha*

36) The temporary chairman of constituent assembly
*Ans : Sachidananda Sinha*

37) Permanent Chairman ‘of the Constituent Assembly
*Ans : Dr. Rajendra Prasad*

38) The Vice president of the constituent assembly
*Ans : Harendra Coomar Mukherjee (H.C.Mukherjee)*

39) Constitutional advisor of the constituent assembly
*Ans : B.N. Rao*

40) The first meeting of Constituent Assembly was attended by
*Ans : 207 members (including 9 women)*

*CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY MEMBERS*

41) Governor’s province of British India
*Ans : 292*

42) Chief Commissioner’s provinces –
*Ans: 4*

43) Indian princely states –
*Ans:93*

44) Dr. Rajendra Prasad became the permanent president of the Constituent Assembly on
*Ans : December 11,1946*

45) Total strength of the Constituent Assembly fixed by the Cabinet Mission
*Ans : 389*

46) After the partition of India, the total members were reduced to
*Ans : 299*

47) Constituent Assembly was
*partly elected and partly nominated body.*

49) The number of women members in the constituent assembly
*Ans : 17*

50)Total number of Malayalee members of the Constituent Assembly
*Ans : 17 (3 women)*

51) NO.OF MALAYALEES FROM THE PROVOINCES*
*Ans:*
9 – from Madras
6 – from Travancore
1 – from Kochi
1 – United Provinces

52) 3 MALAYALEE WOMEN WERE
*Ans*
1.Annie Mascarene
2.Ammu Swaminathan
3.Dakshayani Velayudhan

53) Dr. John Mathai was
*Ans : Malayalee who represented United Provinces in the Constituent Assembly*

54) Panampalli Govinda Menon was
*Ans : Represented Kochi in the Constituent Assembly*

55) Constituent Assembly was divided into
*Ans : 13 committees (as per PSC answer key. Correct -22)*

56) The most important committee of the Constituent Assembly was
*Ans : The Drafting committee*

57) Constituent Assembly worked in
*Ans : 3 phases*

*1st phase*
As Cabinet mission plan (December 6, 1946 – August 14,1947)
*2nd phase*
As a sovereign body Provisional parliament (August 15, 1947 -November 26,1949)
*3rd phase*
As Provisional Parliament (November 27, 1949 – March 1952)

*DATES TO POINT OUT*

58) Adopted National Flag on
*Ans: July 22,1947*

59) Adopted National Anthem on
*Ans:January 24, 1950*

60) Adopted National Song
*Ans: January 24, 1950*

61) Adopted National Emblem
*Ans: January 26, 1950*

62) Supreme Court came into force
*Ans: January 28, 1950*

*DRAFTING COMMITTEE*

63) The aim of setting up of drafting committee is
*Ans : To draft a constitution*

64) The Constituent Assembly set up a Drafting Committee on
*Ans : August 29,1947*

65) The chairman of the Drafting Committee
*Ans : Dr. B.R. Ambedkar*

66) Draft Constitution was prepared by the Committee and submitted to the assembly, on
*Ans : November 4,1947*

67) The Constituent Assembly met for the first time as Legislative Assembly on
*Ans: November 17, 1947*

68) The Speaker of the first Legislative Assembly was
*Ans : Dr. G.V. Mavlankar*

69) The Constituent assembly adopted or enacted the constitution of India on
*Ans : November 26,1949*

70) The Constitution of India came into being or notified on
*Ans : January 26,1950*

70) The original Constitution consists of
*Ans : 395 Articles, 8 Schedules and 22 Parts*

*DIFFERENT COMMITTEES HEAPS*

71) Fundamental Rights and Minority Committee – *Sardar Vallabhai Patel*

72) Provincial Constitution Committee
*Sardar Vallabhai Patel*

73) Union Constitution Committee –
*Ans:Jawaharlal Nehru*

74) State Committee – *Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru*

75) Union Power Committee –
*Ans: Jawaharlal Nehru*

76) Committee on the rule of Procedure
*Ans: Dr.Rajendra Prasad*

77) Finance and Staff Committee
*Ans: Dr.Rajendra Prasad*

78) Flag Committee –
*Ans:Dr.Rajendra Prasad*

79) Adhoc Committee on National Flag –
*Ans: Dr.Rajendra Prasad*

80) House Committee –
*Ans: B. Pattabhi Sitaramayya*

81) Credential Committee
*Ans: Alladi Krishnaswami Iyer*

82) Minority Sub Committee –
*Ans: H.C.Mukherjee*

83) Fundamental Rights Sub Committee
*Ans: J.B.Kripalani*

84) Order of Business Committee
*Ans: K.M.Munshi*

85) Language Committee –
*Ans:Moorthi Satyanarayanan*

86) The Republic day is observed on
*Ans : January 26*

87) Law day is observed on
*Ans : November 26*

88) Indian people observed the first Independence Day following the Purna Swaraj resolution passed at the Lahore Congress session on
*Ans : January 26,1930*

89) The total time taken by the Constituent Assembly to frame the Constitution
*Ans : 2 year 11 months and 17 days (as per PSC answer; correct -18 days)*

90) The final session of the Constituent Assembly was held on
*Ans : January 24, 1950*

91) Cover page of Indian Constitution was designed by
*Ans : Nandalal Bose*

92) The draft of Indian constitution was prepared by
*Ans : B.N. Rao*

93) Who put forward the idea of Constitution of India
*Ans : M.N. Roy*

94) Which political party demanded for a separate constitution for India
*Ans : Swaraj Party*

95) Which session of INC demanded for a separate constitution for India
*Ans : Faizapur session of 1937 (headed by Jawaharlal Nehru)*

96) Demand for separate constitution for India was accepted by British Government through
*Ans : August Offer of 1940*

*DR. B.R. AMBEDKAR*

97) Popularly known as

*Baba Saheb*

*Father of Indian Constitution*

*Architect of Indian Constitution*

*First Union Law Minister*

*Known as Modern Manu and Modern Buddha*

98) Mahar Movement for the untouchable was formed by
*Ans : Dr.B.R.Ambedkar*

99) The political leader who attended all the three Round Table Conferences
*Ans : Dr.B.R.Ambedkar*

100) The publications like Mooknayak and Bahishkrit bharat were started by
*Ans : Dr.B.R.Ambedkar*

101) Independent Labour Party was founded by Dr. Ambedkar in
*Ans : 1936*

102) All India Scheduled Caste Federation was founded by Ambedkar in
*Ans : 1942*

103) People’s Education Society was founded by Ambedkar in
*Ans : 1945*

104) Ambedkar followed Buddhism in
*Ans : 1956*

105) He described which Article as the heart and soul of Indian Constitution
*Ans : Article 32*

106) December 6, the death day of Ambedkar is now observed as
*Ans : Mahaparinirvan diwas*

107) He got Bharath Ratna in
*Ans: 1990 posthumously*

108) April 14, the birthday of Ambedkar is observed as
*Ans : Water Day*

109) The coins released by the RBI in memory of Dr.B.R.Ambedkar in 2015
*Ans : 10, 125*

110) “History cannot forget Dr.Ambedkar” are the words of
*Ans : Gandhiji*

111) Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Memorial is situated at
*Ans : London*

112) *MEMBERS OF DRAFTING COMMITTEE*

* Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

* K.M. Munshi

* Muhammed Saadullah

* Alladi Krishnaswami Ayyar

* N. Gopalaswami Ayyangar

* D.P. Khaitan (died in 1948 replaced by T.T. Krishnamachari)

* B.L. Mitter (because of ill health, he was replaced by N. Madhava Rao)

*THE PREAMBLE*

113) The base of preamble was
*Ans : ‘Objective resolution’*

114) The objective resolution which became the Preamble of Constitution was presented by
*Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru*

115) The objective resolution was presented on
*Ans : December 13,1946*

116) Preamble of India starts with
*Ans : “WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA”*

117) The summary of the Constitution contains in
*Ans : The Preface*

118) Idea of Preamble was borrowed from the constitution of
*Ans : USA*

119) Preamble declares that the sovereignty or Supreme power in India belongs to the
*Ans : People*

120) According to Preamble, India is a Sovereign – *Socialist* – *Secular* *Democratic* – *Republic*

*Sovereign* – No external power candictate the Government of India

*Socialist* – Implies social and economic equality

*Secular* – The government respects all religions

*Democratic*- Election of Government by Universal adult franchise

*Republic* – Head of the State is elected directly or indirectly for a fixed tenure

121) Preamble is not enforceable in a court of law, so it is
*Ans : Non-justifiable*

122) *COMMENTS ABOUT PREAMBLE*

*Preamble is the key to its makers*
Ans : Supreme Court

*Identity card of the Constitution*
Ans : N.A. Palkhivala

*Political Horoscope*
Ans : K.M. Munshi

*Key to Constitution*
Ans : Earnest Barker

*Heart and soul of Constitution*
Ans : Thakur das bhargava

*Soul and key to the constitution*
Ans : Jawaharlal Nehru

*123) CONSTITUTION OF INDIA CONTROVERSIAL CASES ON INDIAN PREAMBLE*

*1.Beeru – Bari case (1960)*

*The case held in 1960 stated that preamble is not a part of Constitution of India
*Justice Gajendragadkar delivered the unanimous opinion of the Court.

*2.Kesavananda Bharati case(1973)*

*It is the case between Kesavananda Bharathi V/s State of Kerala
*Declared that preamble is the part of the constitution

*3.Sajjan Singh V/s State of Rajasthan*
*Declared preamble is the sum and substance of Constitution
*Justice – J.R.Mudholkar

*4.Golaknath V/s State of Punjab*

*Declared preamble is the synopsis of these principles on which government has to work upon
*Justice – Hidayatullah

124) The preamble of the Indian constitution was adopted by the constituent assembly on
*Ans : January 22,1947*

125) Only date mentioned in Indian preamble is
*Ans : November 26,1949*

126) The words Socialist, Secular and Unity were added to the Preamble by the
*Ans : 42nd Amendment 1976*

*BORROWED FROM*

127) Office of the Governor
*Ans : Government of India Act 1935*

128) PSC
*Ans: PSC-Government of India Act 1935*

129) Federal Court
*Government of India Act 1935*

130) Rule of Law –
*Ans: Britain*

131) Parliamentary form of Government
*Ans: -Britain*

132) Single Citizenship –
*Ans: Britain*

133) Writ –
*Ans: Britain*

134) Office of CAG
*Ans: Britain*

135) Bicameralism –
*As: Britain*

136) Law Making Procedure –
*Ans: Britain*

137) Fundamental Rights
*Ans – USA*

138) Impeachment of the President –
*Ans:USA*

*Judicial Review – USA
*Functions of Vice President – USA
*Supreme Court – USA
*Union List – Canada
*State List – Canada
*Residuary Power – Canada
*Governor – Canada
*Federation with strong centre – Canada
*Directive Principles of State Policy -Ireland
*Presidential Election – Ireland
*Nomination of Members to Rajya Sabha – Ireland
*Liberty, Equality and Fraternity – France
*Republic- France
*Fundamental duties – Russia
*Five Year Plans – Russia
*Concurrent List – Australia
*Joint Sitting – Australia
*Freedom of Trade and Commerce – Australia
*Procedure established by Law – Japan
*Emergency – Germany
*Amendment of the Constitution – South Africa

CONSTITUTION OF INDIA UNIFICATION OF PRINCELY STATES
*Total princely states in India at the time of Indian Independence
Ans : Around 565
*The man who ably handled the unification of India
Ans : Sardar Vallabhai Patel
*The Malayali who helped Patel in the unification of India was
Ans : V.P. Menon
*The Secretary to the States which was formed for the unification of princely states
Ans : V.P. Menon
*The three states which did not join the Indian union voluntarily
Ans : Kashmir, Junagarh and Hyderabad
*Kashmir was annexed to India through
Ans : The Instrument of Accession
*Junagarh was annexed to India through
Ans : Referendum
*Hyderabad was annexed to India by Army operation called
Ans : Operation Polo

STATES REORGANISATION ACT
*The Commission appointed by the Government to examine state reorganisation on a linguistic basis
Ans : S.K. Dhar in 1958
*The first Committee which did not recommend for reorganisation of states on linguistic basis
Ans : S.K. Dhar Committee
*The Congress Committee appointed in 1948 under Jawaharlal Nehru, Sardar Patel and Pattabhi Sitaramayya is known as
Ans : JVP committee
*The first linguistic state came into being
Ans : Andhra Pradesh
*Andhra Pradesh came into being on
Ans : October 1,1953
*Andhra was formed after a 56 days of fast unto death of
Ans : Potty Sriramalu

14 STATES AND 6 UNION TERRITORIES AS ON NOVEMBER 1ST,1956
*Andhra Pradesh
*Assam
*Bihar
*Bombay
*Jammu and Kashmir
*Kerala
*Madhya Pradesh
*Madras State
*Mysore State
*Orissa
*Punjab
*Rajasthan
*Uttar Pradesh
*West Bengal

UNION TERRITORIES
*Himachal Pradesh
*Andaman and Nicobar Islands
*Delhi
*Laccadive, Mirncoy and Amandivi islands
*Manipur
*Tripura
*State reorganization on linguistic basis was recommended by
Ans : Fazal Ali Commission
*The state Re-organisation Act was passed in
Ans : 1956
*After independence, 14 states and 6 Union Territories came into force on linguistic basis on
Ans : November 1,1956

ARTICLES
*Article 1 – Name and Territory of the union
*Article 3 – Alteration of areas, boundaries and name of existing states, formation of new states
*Article 5-11- Citizenship
*Article 13 – Judicial Review

RIGHT TO EQUALITY (14 TO 18)
*Article 14 – Equality before law
*Article 15 – Prohibition of discrimination on grounds, only of religion, race caste, sex or place of birth
*Article 16 – Equality of opportunity in matters of public employment
*Article 17 – Abolition of untouchability
*Article 18 – Abolition of Titles

RIGHT TO FREEDOM (19-22)
Article 19 – deals with six fundamental freedoms of Indian citizenship
Article 19(a)-freedom of Speech and expression (Freedom of press)
Aitide 19(b)-To assemble peacefully without arms
Article 20-Protection in respect of conviction for offence
Article 21-Protection of life and personal liberty
Article 21A-Right to elementary education
Article 22-Protection against arbitrary arrest and detention.

RIGHT AGAINST EXPLOITATION (23-24)
*Article 23 – Prohibition of traffic in human beings and forced labour
*Article 24 – Prohibits the employment of children below 14 years of age
*Article 25-28- Right to freedom of Religion

CULTURAL AND EDUCATIONAL RIGHT (29-30)
*Article 29 – Protection of Interests of minorities
*Article 30 – Right of minorities to establish and administer educational institutions.
*Article 32 – Right to constitutional Remedies

DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY (36-51)
*Article 39A- Equal Justice and free legal aid to the.